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Why Is the 2JZ Engine So Strong? (Explained)

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Last Updated on: 7th September 2023, 12:44 am

The 2JZ engine is a renowned powerplant in the tuner world and is responsible for the Supra’s popularity in its last year.

On stock internals, the over-engineered, closed-deck engine architecture allows for massive quantities of boost while still staying strong.

This, paired with the inherent dependability of any inline-six engine, is mostly the reason for the 2JZ’s capacity to survive so much power.

However, the only way to understand how Toyota engineered the 2JZ to be so strong is to learn more about this engine.

2jz engine

Camshafts

Because of the two overhead cams, each cylinder has four valves for improved air/fuel mixture and flow, as well as a top plug arrangement for optimum spark.

Bucket type lifters sit on the lobes of the camshaft, and although this doesn’t allow for very aggressive cams, it helps enhance engine dependability by lowering the number of moving components.

MLS Head Gasket

Toyota employed a multi-layered steel head gasket for this engine, which decreases the risk of it blowing.

MLS head gaskets are used on high-powered engines due to their inherent strength.

Closed Deck

A closed deck is when the cylinder bored are braced at the top where the cylinder head attaches and rests on.

In comparison, an open deck engine is a “floating cylinder” design where it is only braced from the bottom of the cylinder liner.

Closed deck engines are much stronger and resist cylinder liner shifting and movement, increasing reliability and durability of the engine considerably.

Girdle

Toyota attached a reinforcing girdle to the bottom of the 2JZ to provide strength while still enabling access to the crankshaft.

A girdle increases strength and prevents unwanted movement and shifting.

Crankshaft

Finally, the crankshaft is virtually unbreakable thanks to a forged crankshaft and large bearing design.

  • Andy Lewin

    Andy Lewin is a senior mechanic, ASE qualified master technician, and an experienced automotive engineer. He's passionate about serving the automotive community with the highest-quality and trustworthy information on all things automotive. He loves to write about car repairs, maintenance, car modifications and tuning, faults, and much more.

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